A cardiothoracic surgeon is a medical doctor who specializes in surgical procedures of the heart, lungs, esophagus, and other organs in the chest. This includes surgeons who can be called cardiac surgeons, cardiovascular surgeons, general thoracic surgeons, and congenital heart surgeons. A cardiologist will primarily diagnose disorders of the heart and treat them with medication. Cardiologists also perform interventions on the arteries in the heart working through puncture wounds in the groin, but they do not perform open surgery. If you are 45 years or older and have not had a heart attack or stroke, then you must get a preventive heart checkup by your doctor. This checkup helps you to understand your risk factors for heart disease and estimate how likely you are to have a heart attack or stroke in the next five years. The most important part of this checkup is working with your doctor to manage your risk factors to improve your heart health. Cardiothoracic surgeons who have completed approved residency training, hold a full and unrestricted license to practice medicine in India, and maintain an ethical standing in the profession are eligible for board certification. Cardiothoracic Surgeons play an important role on the healthcare team. Dr. Sourabh Sharma, a well Known cardiovascular and thoracic surgeon is currently working as a chief consultant cardiac surgeon at Bharat Vikas Parishad Hospital, Kota and has independently done more than 1000 open heart procedures like valve replacement, off pump CABG, ASD and VSD closure, ICR for TOF and DORV VSD PS, PAPVC TAPVC, GLENN, FONTAN, etc and various other pediatric cardiac surgeries.